Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) plays a critical role in the carbon (C) cycle of forest soils, and has been recently connected with global increases in nitrogen (N) deposition. Most studies on effects of elevated N deposition on DOC have been carried out in N-limited temperate regions, with far fewer data available from N-rich ecosystems, especially in the context of chronically elevated N deposition. Furthermore, mechanisms for excess N-induced changes of DOC dynamics have been suggested to be different between the two kinds of ecosystems, because of the different ecosystem N status. The purpose of this study was to experimentally examine how long-term N addition affects DOC dynamics below the primary rooting zones (the upper 20cm soils) in typically N-rich lowland tropical forests. We have a primary assumption that long-term continuous N addition minimally affects DOC concentrations and efﬂuxes in N-rich tropical forests. Experimental N addition was administered at the following levels: 0, 50, 100 and 150kgNha−1 yr−1, respectively. Results showed that seven years of N addition signiﬁcantly decreased DOC concentrations in soil solution, and chemo-physical controls (solution acidity change and soil sorption) rather than biological controls may mainly account for the decreases, in contrast to other forests. We further found that N addition greatly decreased annual DOC efﬂuxes from the primary rooting zone and increased water-extractable DOC in soils. Our results suggest that long-term N deposition could increase soil C sequestration in the upper soils by decreasing DOC efﬂux from that layer in N-rich ecosystems, a novel mechanism for continued accumulation of soil C in old-growth forests.
Lu X, J Mo, FS Gilliam, H Fang, G Yu, L Li, Q Mao, and H Chen. 2013. Long-term nitrogen addition decreases carbon transport in nitrogen-rich forest. Biogeosciences 10:1451-1481