A pre/post quasi-experimental design was used to assess the impact of one state's AIDS education program on male (N = 75) and female (N= 65) inmates' perceived risk of HIV infection on the street and in prison. Post-test only comparison groups of male and female inmates were evaluated to control for the threat of testing. T-tests for paired samples were used to determine whether any significant changes occurred within groups (male & female), and t-tests for independent samples were used between groups to determine whether males or females experienced the greatest magnitude of change. Multiple regression analyses explored the relationships between selected independent variables, post-test perceptions, and magnitude of change. The men's levels of perceived risk declined significantly from pre- to post-test, whereas the women's increased (although not significantly) in two of three areas. Regression analyses indicated that change in perceptions was related to various variables (e.g., sex) outside of the prison's control. Implications are discussed, and suggestions are offered for modifying current prison-based programs.
West, A. D., & Martin, R. (2000). "Perceived risk of AIDS among prisoners following educational intervention." Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 32(1-2), 75-104.