Using data from Kenya this article estimates the urban to rural gender gap in the rate of migration and then decomposes the gap into the explained portion and the portion due to gender differences in coefficients. The former is further decomposed to unveil the relative influence of each explanatory variable on the explained portion of the gender gap in the rate of migration. A non-trivial finding suggests that human capital variables may exert the strongest influence on gender differences in migration, partially explaining the higher incidence of male migration.
Agesa, Richard U., and Jacqueline Agesa. "Sources of gender difference in rural to urban migration in Kenya: does human capital matter?." Applied Economics Letters 12.11 (2005): 705-709.