Date of Award
Graduate School of Education and Professional Development
Type of Degree
Fred Jay Krieg
Sandra S. Stroebel
Melinda K. Robinett
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Tier II student characteristics and outcomes on a standardized reading assessment. Ninety students who scored in the lowest third on a Virginia standardized reading test were placed into one of three instructional groups: 1) a control group consistent with instruction from previous years, 2) a “teacher selected” treatment group in which teachers determined students’ cognitive processing deficits and administered a chosen intervention, and 3) a “tested” treatment group in which students were administered the Woodcock Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Abilities (WJ-III) and assigned interventions based on the results. The mean scores in groups by students’ (a) previous retention status, (b) instructional group, (c) age, and (d) gender were examined. Results indicated that previous retention status significantly predicted test scores and that student age, gender, and instructional group were not significantly related to test scores. Furthermore, interaction effects between retention and instructional group were not found.
Educational tests and measurements - Case studies.
Educational evaluation - Case studies.
Billups, Patrick M., "Student Characteristics and Targeted Based Cognitive Tier II Interventions" (2013). Theses, Dissertations and Capstones. 460.