A new species of the genus Rhopalurus Thorell, 1876 is herein described from northeastern Colombia; the new species is closely related to (and has been previously confused with) Rhopalurus laticauda Thorell, 1876. Also, some comments on the taxonomy and distribution of the latter taxon are included.
Teruel, R., & Roncallo, C. A. 2008 . Rare or poorly known scorpions from Colombia. III. On the taxonomy and distribution of Rhopalurus laticauda Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones: Buthidae), with description of a new species of the genus. Euscorpius, No. 68: 1-12.