Author Credentials

Eric S. Holmboe, MD



Conflict(s) of Interest

Dr. Eric Holmboe works for the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and receives royalties for a textbook from Mosby-Elsevier

References with DOI

1. Batalden P, Leach D, Swing S, Dreyfus H, Dreyfus S. General competencies and accreditation in graduate medical education. Health Aff. 2002; 21: 103-111. https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.21.5.103

2. Carraccio C, Wolfsthal SD, Englander R, Ferentz K, Martin C. Shifting paradigms: from Flexner to competencies. Acad Med. 2002 May;77(5):361-7. https://doi.org/10.1097/00001888-200205000-00003

3. Pusic MV, Boutis K, Hatala R, Cook DA. Learning curves in health professions education. Acad Med. 2015 Aug;90(8):1034-42 https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0000000000000681

4. Green ML, Aagaard EM, Caverzagie KJ, Chick DA, Holmboe ES, Kane G, Smith CD, Iobst W. Charting the Road to Competence: Developmental Milestones for Internal Medicine Residency Training. J Graduate Med Educ. 2009; 1: 5-20. https://doi.org/10.4300/01.01.0003

5. Philibert I, Brigham T, Edgar L, Swing S. Organization of the educational milestones for use in the assessment of educational outcomes. J Grad Med Educ. 2014 Mar;6(1):177-82. https://doi.org/10.4300/jgme-06-01-35

6. Nabors C, Peterson SJ, Aronow W, Sute S, Mumtaz A, Delorenzo L, Chandy D, Lehman S, Frishman WH, Holmboe ES. Operationalizing the Internal Medicine Milestones - An Early Status Report. J Grad Medical Educ. 2013; 5: 130-137. https://doi.org/10.4300/jgme-d-12-00130.1

7. Li ST, Tancredi DJ, Schwartz A, Guillot AP, Burke AE, Trimm RF, Guralnick S, Mahan JD, Gifford KA; Association of Pediatric Program Directors (APPD) Longitudinal Educational Assessment Research Network (LEARN) Validity of Resident Self-Assessment Group. Competent for Unsupervised Practice: Use of Pediatric Residency Training Milestones to Assess Readiness. Acad Med. 2016 Jul 26. [Epub ahead of print]. https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0000000000001322

8. Beeson M, Holmboe E, Korte R, Nasca T, Brigham T, Russ C, Whitley C, Reisdorff E. Initial Validity Analysis of the Emergency Medicine Milestones. Acad Emerg Med. 2015 Jul;22(7):838-44. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12697

9. Hauer KE, Clauser J, Lipner RS, Holmboe ES, Caverzagie K, Hamstra SJ, Hood S, Iobst W, Warm E, McDonald FS. The Internal Medicine Reporting Milestones: Cross-sectional Description of Initial Implementation in U.S. Residency Programs. Ann Intern Med. 2016;165(5):356-62. https://doi.org/10.7326/m15-2411

10. Hauer KE, Vandergrift J, Hess B, Lipner RS, Holmboe ES, Hood S, Iobst W, Hamstra SJ, McDonald FS.Correlations Between Ratings on the Resident Annual Evaluation Summary and the Internal Medicine Milestones and Association With ABIM Certification Examination Scores Among US Internal Medicine Residents, 2013-2014. JAMA. 2016;316(21):2253-2262. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.17357

11. Witteles RM, Verghese A. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Milestones- Time for a Revolt? JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(11):1599-1600. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5552

12. Norman G, Norcini J, Bordage G. Competency-based education: milestones or millstones? J Grad Med Educ. 2014 Mar;6(1):1-6 https://doi.org/10.4300/jgme-d-13-00445.1

13. Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: the new Medical Research Council guidance. BMJ. 2008 29;337(sep29 1):a1655–a1655. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a1655

14. Holmboe ES, Call S, Ficalora RD. Milestones and Competency-Based Medical Education in Internal Medicine. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(11):1601-1602 https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.5556

15. Pawson R, Greenhalgh T, Harvey G, Walshe K. 2005. Realist review — A new method of systematic review designed for complex policy interventions. J Health Serv Res Policy 10(Suppl. 1):21–34. https://doi.org/10.1258/1355819054308530

16. Ericsson KA. Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domains. Acad Med. 2004;79(10 Suppl):S70-81. https://doi.org/10.1097/00001888-200410001-00022

17. Nelson EC, Batalden PB, Godfrey MM. Quality by Design. A Clinical Microsystems Approach. Jossey- Bass. San Francisco. 2007.

18. Nasca TJ, Philibert I, Brigham T, Flynn TC. The next GME accreditation system--rationale and benefits. N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 15;366(11):1051-6. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmsr1200117