This contribution details the complex history of the early work by Boris Kozo-Polyansky (1924) that became available in English translation 86 years after it was published in Russian. The great American naturalist Lynn Margulis—whose serial endosymbiosis theory was presciently predated by Kozo-Polyansky by four decades—was instrumental in organizing this resurrection and ‘horizontal transfer’ of knowledge, forgotten by that time even in Russia.
Fet, V., 2021. Lynn Margulis and Boris Kozo-Polyansky: How the Symbiogenesis was translated from Russian. Biosystems. 199, p.104316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2020.104316