In 1989, President George Bush. and the Nation's fifty governors, held a historic education summit that culminated in the adoption of six National Education Goals. These six broad goals were intended to serve as a framework for future reform efforts. The sixth goal of the United States' National Educational Goals states:
By the year 2000, every school in America will be free of drugs and violence and will offer a disciplined environment conducive to learning. The stated objectives are: Every school will implement a firm and fair policy on use, possession, and distribution of drugs and alcohol. Parents, businesses, and community organizations will work together to ensure that schools are a safe haven for all children. Every school district will develop a comprehensive K-12 drug and alcohol prevention education program. The drug and alcohol curriculum should be taught as an integral part of health education. In addition, community-based teams should be organized to provide students and teachers with needed support (Goals 2000, 1991, p. 2).
This is an ambitious objective for the United States. It has been estimated that a total of $91,480,000.00 was allocated for the 50 states, Washington, DC, and Puerto Rico for efforts to obtain the goals of Goals 2000 ($86,480,000.00 for systemic reform state grants and $5,000,000.00 for technology planning state grants). In 1995, President Clinton requested $700 million in his budget proposal to be administered by the Department of Education and $12 million for the Department of Labor to support the National Skill Standards Board.
Crews, G. A. (1996). A study of school disturbance in the United States: A twentieth-century perspective, part one. Journal of Security Administration, 19 (1), 34-42.