Date of Award


Degree Name

Healthcare Administration


College of Business

Type of Degree


Document Type

Research Paper

First Advisor

Alberto Coustasse


Introduction: In the United States, medication errors has been a big problem and was the number three cause of death in 2016. Computerize Physician Order Entry (CPOE), also known as Computerized Provider Order Entry, is the process of physicians or providers entering treatment instructions or radiology, laboratory, and medication orders via computer rather than paper, and has led to a decrease in medication errors. The purpose of this study was to examine whether CPOE system could help hospitals to reduce medical errors and costs, as well as examine the new problems resulted by the use of CPOE in the United States hospitals.

Methodology: The methodology for this study utilized a literature review and a semi-structured interview. It consisted of academic sources, four electronic databases, academic journals, and government websites. Thirty-eight sources were referenced for this literature review.

Results: The literature review analyzed the benefits and drawbacks of CPOE implementation in the healthcare setting. It was found that CPOE implementation has created many benefits for the healthcare setting such as a decrease in medication errors, a higher return on investment, and a faster turnaround time. However, there has still been issues with CPOE such as medication errors and increased workload.

Discussion/Conclusion: The implementation of CPOE can reduce hospitals’ medical errors and adverse drug events, as well as help hospitals to reduce expense and outweighs the potential limitations of CPOE. The study reviewed limitations of the study that included research and publication bias, search strategy, and only four databases were used for research. Practical implications included the continual implementation of CPOE in healthcare settings.


Health services administration.

Medication errors -- Prevention.

Medication errors -- Control.