Date of Award


Degree Name

Communication Studies


College of Liberal Arts

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Dr. Camilla Brammer

Second Advisor

Dr. Bertram Gross

Third Advisor

Dr. Edward Woods

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Toshi Kikuchi

Fifth Advisor

Leonard J. Deutsch


As society moves into the 21st century, sexual harassment remains a major problem in organizations (Buttny, 1993; Cockburn, 1991; Kreps, 1993; Langelan, 1993; Simons & Weissman, 1990; Taylor & Daly, 1995; Wolfson,1997). The Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, made it illegal to discriminate against employees regarding race, color, religion, national origin, and sex, but at that point in time, the phrase "sexual harassment” had no meaning. Although women were aware of their daily struggles with gender discrimination in the workplace, no one had coined the phrase, and this pervasive problem was not yet an established part of the legal system.

In the 1970s, the issue of sexual harassment in the workplace came to the attention of the public and the government via media and the feminist movement. During the early part of this decade, feminists defined sexual harassment as "an expression of power and a form of sex discrimination” (Bingham, 1994, p. 3). Studies focused on sexual harassment as being rooted in male dominance and privilege in the workplace. According to Bingham (1994), this definition continued to evolve throughout the decade to include such diversities as race, ethnicity, class, and sexual orientation among women.



Sexual harassment – Research.

Spatial behavior.