Date of Award


Degree Name



College of Liberal Arts

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Christopher LeGrow

Second Advisor

Stephen O’Keefe

Third Advisor

Paula Bickham


The Client’s Evaluation of Counselor Behavior Short Form (CECB-S) is a 33-question survey based on the factors of empathy, genuineness and unconditional positive regard. It was completed by the clients following every therapy session for a three-week period for a group of inexperienced counselors just starting their practicum, and a group of experienced counselors getting ready to leave their practicum. A factor analysis found that the CECB-S has 7 factors; Listening/Empathy Skills, Techniques, Goal Setting, Achievements, Availability, Counseling Action and Knowledge. To examine the validity of the survey, a MANOVA was also run to see if clients perceived differences between experienced and inexperienced counselors within all these factors. A significant difference was found on all but five of the questions when experience was examined, indicating that the survey was detecting a change in counselor experience. Other gender differences were examined to determine if the survey was measuring counselor performance.


Counselors - Rating of.