Date of Award


Degree Name

School Psychology


Graduate School of Education and Professional Development

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Fred Jay Krieg

Second Advisor

Elizabeth Kelley Rhoades


This thesis examines the important aspect of changing stress levels in first-time expectant fathers at six months of term prenatal (time one), at eight months of term prenatal (time two), and one month postpartum (time three). The changing stress level was measured in relation to the employment status of the wife during pregnancy. Stress levels were measured using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Data used in this research was obtained by Dr. Robert Rodriguez for use in his doctoral dissertation. Changes in expectant father stress level in accordance to wives’ employment status were insignificant at time 1 (f = .159), time 2 (f = .163), and time 3 (f = 1.756) using one-way ANOVA to extrapolate significant comparisons of the mean scores at these times. The unsupported hypothesis seems due to other external factors facing the father during these uncertain times.


Fatherhood - Psychological aspects.