Date of Award
Graduate School of Education and Professional Development
Type of Degree
Fred Jay Krieg
Stephen L. O’Keefe
Sandra S. Stroebel
This study examined the perceptions of principals regarding academic, social, or emotional outcomes and alternative interventions to grade retention. The principals were asked to respond to the survey on grade retention as an intervention. Following the initial survey, an article entitled, “Grade Retention and Promotion” (Jimerson, Graydon, Pletcher, Schnurr, Kundert, & Nickerson, 2006) was given for review and post-survey was administered.
The results of this study revealed that principals’ attitudes changed about using retention as an intervention in response to reading the article. These research results indicated that when research-based information on the negative effects of retention was presented, there was a significant change in principals’ attitude as measured by these surveys. The effects on change in attitude compared to actual change in behavior should be studied.
Galford, Debora Ann, "Grade Retention as Perceived by Principals" (2008). Theses, Dissertations and Capstones. 597.