Date of Award


Degree Name

School Psychology


Graduate School of Education and Professional Development

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Fred Jay Krieg

Second Advisor

Joyce Meikamp

Third Advisor

Victor Lombardo


The LINCS learning strategy, published by Edwin S. Ellis (1992), University of Kansas Institute for Research of Learning Disabilities, is a starter strategy used as a memory devise for vocabulary. The goals' of the strategy were to increase independent learning, memorize key vocabulary, provide a sense of control over learning and to promote motivation about learning new strategies. It is also clearly defined in the instruction manual that for students to effectively utilize this strategy they must perform with a fourth grade reading level or above (Ellis, 1992). It was hypothesized that by making modifications to compensate for the students' low spelling and writing abilities through drawings and visualizations the strategy was equally effective for students with reading levels lower than fourth grade. Using a pre test, post test single group design and pretest to posttest percentage comparison for each student and as a group, the effectiveness of a modified LINCS learning strategy was determined after approximately 6 - 7 weeks of instruction.


Learning disabled children - Education (Elementary).