Date of Award


Degree Name



College of Liberal Arts

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Sarah Brinegar

Second Advisor

Larry Jarrett

Third Advisor

James Leonard


This research analyzes the residential distribution of middle-class African American households in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area to determine if the "middle class" status affords them greater integration with the dominant white group. Using 1990 and 2000 census income data for white and black households in the Pittsburgh MSA, lower, middle, and upper class categories were created in both groups for comparison against the black middle class category via five segregation indices. This research found that, although the African American households experience varying degrees of segregation by class, all are highly segregated from the white group with middle class African American households experiencing the least amount of segregation. This research also found that middle class African American households have the most integration and the most interaction with lower class households. Trend analysis between 1990 and 2000 indicates that this integration and interaction will continue to grow.


African American neighborhoods.

African Americans -- Housing -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh.

African Americans -- Segregation -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh.