A new iurid species, Protoiurus kumlutasi sp. nov. is described from the Hıdırellez Cave, located in the coastal southwestern Antalya Province, Turkey. This species was collected both inside and at the entrance of the cave, and does not exhibit any troglomorphic characteristics. Its closest relative is P. kraepelini, which shares the distinctive shape of pedipalp chela in mature males. The new species can be distinguished from P. kraepelini, however, by its hemispermatophore, which conforms to subtype 1a. Additional hemispermatophores were analyzed from several specimens of P. kraepelini collected in close proximity to its type locality, further endorsing existence of unique subtype 1b in this species. The description of the new species brings the number of species in the genus Protoiurus to six.

References with DOI

ALBAYRAK, I. & N. AŞAN. 1998. Geographic variations and taxonomic status of Myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797) in Turkey (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Turkish Journal of Zoology, 22: 267– 275.

BILGIN, R., A. KARATAŞ, E. ÇORAMAN, T. DISOTELL & J. C. MORALES. 2008. Regionally and climatically restricted patterns of distribution of genetic diversity in a migratory bat species, Miniopterus schreibersii (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 8: 209. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-8-209

ÇIPLAK, B. 2004. Biogeography of Anatolia: the marker group Orthoptera. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana, 82: 357–372.

ÇIPLAK, B. 2008. The analogy between interglacial and global warming for the glacial relicts in a refugium: A biogeographic perspective for conservation of Anatolian Orthoptera. Pp. 135–163 in: Fattorini, S. (ed.), Insect Ecology and Conservation. Research Signpost: Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

ÇIPLAK, B., K.-G. HELLER & F. WILLEMSE. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography [of the genus] Eupholidoptera Mařan (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae): morphological speciation in correlation with the geographical evolution of the eastern Mediterranean. Systematic Entomology, 35(4): 722–738. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00529.x

CREUTZBURG, N. 1963. Palaeogeographic evolution of Crete from Miocene till our days. Cretan Annals, 15/16: 336–342.

DERMITZAKIS, M. D. 1990. Palaeogeography, geodynamic processes and event stratigraphy during the late Cenozoic of the Aegean area. International Symposium on Biogeographical Aspects of Insularities, Rome, Accademia Nazionale Lincei, 1987. Atti Convegni Lincei, 85: 263–288.

DERMITZAKIS, M. D. & D. J. PAPANIKOLAOU. 1981. Paleogeography and geodynamics of the Aegean region during the Neogene. Annals géologiques du pays hélleniques, 4: 245–289.

DOURIS, V., S. GIOKAS, D. THOMAZ, R. LECANIDOU & G. C. RODAKIS. 2007 Inference of evolutionary patterns of the land snail Albinaria in the Aegean archipelago: Is vicariance enough? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44: 1224- 1236.

FET, V. & M. E. SOLEGLAD. 2005. Contributions to scorpion systematics. I. On recent changes in highlevel taxonomy. Euscorpius, 31: 1–13. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2005.vol2005.iss31.1

FET, V. & M. E. SOLEGLAD. 2008. Cladistic analysis of superfamily Iuroidea, with emphasis on subfamily Hadrurinae (Scorpiones: Iurida). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 43: 255–281.

FET, V., M. E. SOLEGLAD & S. L. ZONSTEIN. 2011. The genus Akrav Levy, 2007 (Scorpiones: Akravidae) revisited. Euscorpius, 134: 1–49. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2011.vol2011.iss134.1

KENYERES, Z., I. A. RÁCZ & Z. VARGA. 2009. Endemism hot spots, core areas and disjunctions in European Orthoptera. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 52B(1–2): 189–211.

KORNILIOS, P., Ç. ILGAZ, Y. KUMLUTAŞ, P. LYMBERAKIS, J. MORAVEC, R. SINDACO, N. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, M. AFROOSHEH, S. GIOKAS, S. FRAGUEDAKIS-TSOLIS & B. CHONDROPOULOS. 2012. Neogene climatic oscillations shape the biogeography and evolutionary history of the Eurasian blindsnake. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62: 856–873.

KOVAŘÍK, F., V. FET, M. E. SOLEGLAD & E. A. YAĞMUR. 2010. Etudes on iurids, III. Revision of the genus Iurus Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones: Iuridae), with a description of two new species from Turkey. Euscorpius, 82: 1–72. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2009.vol2009.iss82.1

PARMAKELIS, A., I. STATHI, L. SPANOS, C. LOUIS & M. MYLONAS. 2006. Phylogeography of Iurus dufoureius (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones, Iuridae). Journal of Biogeography, 33(2): 251–260. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01386.x

POULAKAKIS, N., P. KAPLI, P. LYMBERAKIS, A. TRICHAS, K. VARDINOYIANNIS, S. FENTHOURAKIS & M. MYLONAS, M. 2015. A review of phylogeographic analyses of animal taxa from the Aegean and surrounding regions. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 53(1): 18–32. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzs.12071

SOLEGLAD, M. E. & V. FET. 2003a. The scorpion sternum: structure and phylogeny (Scorpiones: Orthosterni). Euscorpius, 5: 1–34. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2003.vol2003.iss5.1

SOLEGLAD, M. E. & V. FET. 2003b. High-level systematics and phylogeny of the extant scorpions (Scorpiones: Orthosterni). Euscorpius, 11: 1–175. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2003.vol2003.iss11.1

SOLEGLAD, M. E., V. FET, F. KOVAŘÍK & E. A. YAĞMUR. 2012. Etudes on iurids, V. Further revision of Iurus Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones: Iuridae), with a description of a new genus and two new species. Euscorpius, 143: 1–70. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2012.vol2012.iss143.1

SOLEGLAD, M. E., F. KOVAŘÍK & V. FET. 2009. Etudes on iurids, I. The orthobothriotaxic pattern in Iuridae, with observations on neobothriotaxy in genus Iurus (Scorpiones: Iuridae). Euscorpius, 79: 1–21. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2009.vol2009.iss79.1

SOLEGLAD, M. E. & W. D. SISSOM. 2001. Phylogeny of the family Euscorpiidae Laurie, 1896: a major revision. Pp. 25–111 in: Fet, V. & P. A. Selden (eds.). Scorpions 2001. In Memoriam Gary A. Polis. Burnham Beeches, Bucks, British Arachnological Society.

TROPEA, G., V. FET, A. PARMAKELIS, P. KOTSAKIOZI & I. STATHI. 2014. Three new species of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Greece. Euscorpius, 190: 1−22. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2014.vol2014.iss190.1

VACHON, M. 1974. Etude des caractères utilisés pour classer les familles et les genres de Scorpions (Arachnides). 1. La trichobothriotaxie en Arachnologie. Sigles trichobothriaux et types de trichobothriotaxie chez les Scorpions. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, (3), 140 (Zool. 104), mai-juin 1973: 857–958.

YAĞMUR, E. A., M. E. SOLEGLAD, V. FET & F. KOVAŘÍK. 2013. Etudes on iurids, VI. Further revision of Calchas Birula, 1899 (Scorpiones: Iuridae), with a description of a new genus and two new species. Euscorpius, 159: 1−37. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2013.vol2013.iss159.1