A new scorpion species, Euscorpius popovi sp. nov., is described from southwestern Bulgaria and northeastern Greece based on morphological and molecular evidence analyses.

References with DOI

CHAKRABARTY, P., M. WARREN, L. M. PAGE & C. C. BALDWIN. 2013. GenSeq: An updated nomenclature and ranking for genetic sequences from type and non-type sources. ZooKeys, 346: 29–41. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.346.5753

DELTSHEV, C., M. A. ARNEDO, M. ISAIA & G. BLAGOEV. 2014. A contribution to the taxonomy of the spider genus Troglohyphantes Joseph, 1881 (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in the Balkan Peninsula. Abstract Book, 28th European Congress of Arachnology. Turin, Italy, 24-29 August 2014, p. 36.

DRUMMOND, A. J., M. A. SUCHARD, D. XIE & A. RAMBAUT. 2012. Bayesian phylogenetics with BEAUti and the BEAST 1.7. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29: 1969–1973. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss075

FELSENSTEIN, J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution, 39: 783–791. https://doi.org/10.2307/2408678

FET, V. 2000. Scorpions (Arachnida, Scorpiones) from the Balkan Peninsula in the collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Sofia. Historia Naturalis Bulgarica, 11: 47–60.

FET, V, M. R. GRAHAM, M. M. WEBBER & G. BLAGOEV. 2014. Two new species of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece. Zootaxa, 3894: 83–105. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3894.1.7

FET, V. & A. POPOV (eds). Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria. Monographiae Biologicae 82. Dordrecht–Boston: Springer, 687 pp.

FET, V. & M. E. SOLEGLAD. 2007. Fauna and zoogeography of scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) in Bulgaria. Pp. 405–422 in: Fet, V. & A. Popov (eds). Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria. Monographiae Biologicae 82. Dordrecht–Boston: Springer.

GANTENBEIN, B., V. FET, M. BARKER & A. SCHOLL. 2000. Nuclear and mitochondrial markers reveal the existence of two parapatric scorpion species in the Alps: Euscorpius germanus (C. L. Koch, 1837) and E. alpha Caporiacco, 1950, stat. nov. (Euscorpiidae). Revue suisse de Zoologie, 107: 843–869.

HJELLE, J. T. 1990. Anatomy and morphology. Pp. 9– 63 in: Polis G. A. (ed.), Biology of Scorpions. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

HUBENOV, Z. 2012. Estimation of the faunistic diversity of the Kresna Gorge. Historia naturalis bulgarica, 20: 107–120.

KIMURA, M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 16: 111–120. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01731581

KUHNER, M. K. 2009. Coalescent genealogy samplers: windows into population history. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24: 86–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2008.09.007

NAUMOVA, M. 2009. Contribution to the study of the spiders (Araneae) in Slavyanka Mountain (SW Bulgaria). Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 23: sup1, pp. 104–108. https://doi.org/10.1080/13102818.2009.10818376

PARMAKELIS, A., P. KOTSAKIOZI, I. STATHI, S. POULIKARAKOU & V. FET. 2013a. Hidden diversity of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) in Greece revealed by multilocus species-delimitation approaches. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 110: 728–748. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12170

PARMAKELIS, A., P. KOTSAKIOZI, I. STATHI, S. POULIKARAKOU & V. FET. 2013b. DNA mar kers confirm presence of Euscorpius avcii Tropea et al., 2012 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) on Samos Island, Greece. Euscorpius, 161: 1−8. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2013.vol2013.iss161.1

POSADA, D. & K. A. CRANDALL. 1998. MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14: 817-818. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/14.9.817

RAMBAUT, A., M. A. SUCHARD, D. XIA & A. J. DRUMMOND. 2014. Tracer v1.6: http://tree.bio. ed.ac.uk/software/tracer/

SAITOU, N. & M. NEI. 1987. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 4: 406–425. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040454

SISSOM, W. D. 1990. Systematics, biogeography and paleontology. Pp. 64–160 in: Polis, G. A. (ed.) Biology of Scorpions. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

SOLEGLAD, M. E. & V. FET. 2003. The scorpion sternum: structure and phylogeny (Scorpiones: Orthosterni). Euscorpius, 5: 1–33. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2003.vol2003.iss5.1

SOLEGLAD, M. E. & W. D. SISSOM. 2001. Phylogeny of the family Euscorpiidae Laurie, 1896: a major revision. Pp. 25–112 in: Fet, V. & P. A. Selden (eds.) Scorpions 2001. In Memoriam Gary A. Polis. Burnham Beeches, Bucks, UK: British Arachnological Society.

STAHNKE, H. L. 1971. Scorpion nomenclature and mensuration. Entomological News, 81(1970): 297– 316.

STOEV, P. & H. ENGHOFF. 2003. Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography of genus Balkanopetalum Verhoeff, 1926 (Diplopoda: Callipodida: Schizopetalidae). Zootaxa, 272: 1–26.

TAMURA, K., D. PETERSON, N. PETERSON, G. STECHER, M. NEI & S. KUMAR. 2011. MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 28: 2731–2739. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121

TERUEL, R., V. FET & L. DE ARMAS. 2004. A note on the scorpions from the Pirin Mountains, southwestern Bulgaria (Scorpiones: Buthidae, Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius, 14: 1–11. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2004.vol2004.iss14.1

TROPEA, G. 2013. Reconsideration of the taxonomy of Euscorpius tergestinus (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius, 162: 1–23. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2013.vol2013.iss162.1

TROPEA, G., V. FET, A. PARMAKELIS, P. KOTSAKIOZI & I. STATHI. 2015 A new species of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from southern Bulgaria. Arachnologische Mitteilungen, 49: 10–20. https://doi.org/10.5431/aramit4902

TROPEA, G., A. PARMAKELIS, N. SZISZKOSZ, K. BALANIKA & A. BOUDERKA. 2014a. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from Naples Province, Italy (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius, 182: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2014.vol2014.iss182.1

TROPEA, G., E. A. YAĞMUR & F. YEŞILYURT. 2014b. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae) from the Antalya Province, southern Turkey. Euscorpius, 184: 1–13. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2014.vol2014.iss184.1

VACHON, M. 1974. Etude des caractères utilisés pour classer les familles et les genres de scorpions (Arachnides). 1. La trichobothriotaxie en arachnologie. Sigles trichobothriaux et types de trichobothriotaxie chez les scorpions. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, 140: 859–958.

VALLE, A. 1975. Considerazioni intorno alle sottospecie di Euscorpius carpathicus. (L.) (Scorpiones, Chactidae). Ateneo Parmense, Acta Naturalia, 11: 209–234.