A new species of the genus Centruroides Marx, 1890 is described from Sotzil Village (15.61775°N, -91.09745°W, 1173 m a.s.l.), Chajul Municipality, Quiché Department, Guatemala, on basis of one female and one male. It closely resembles Centruroides caral Armas et Trujillo, 2013 from northeastern Guatemala (240 Km southeast of Chajul), but male differs by having a most globose pedipalp manus, as well as metasoma clearly more attenuate (len-gth/width ratio: segments II–IV = 2.4, 2.7 and 1.4, respectively; 1.7, 2.2 and 2.5 in the holotype of C. caral, the only known specimen of this taxon). Data on its habitat and some biogeographical comments are also given.

References with DOI

ACOSTA, L. E., D. M. CANDIDO, E. H. BACKUP & A. D. BRESCOVIT. 2008. Description of Zabius gaucho (Scorpiones, Buthidae), a new species from southern Brazil, with an update about the generic diagnosis. Journal of Arachnology, 36: 491–501. https://doi.org/10.1636/h07-28.1

ARMAS, L. F. DE & R. E. TRUJILLO. 2013. A new species of the genus Centruroides Marx, 1890 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Guatemala. Euscorpius, 172: 1–5. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2013.vol2013.iss172.1

CASTAÑEDA, C. 2008. Diversidad de Ecosistemas de Guatemala. In: CONAP (eds.), Guatemala y su biodiversidad: Un enfoque histórico, cultural, biológico y económico. Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas, Oficina Técnica de Biodiversidad. Guatemala, 630 pp.

FRANCKE, O. F. 1977. Scorpions of the genus Diplocentrus Peters from Oaxaca, Mexico. Journal of Arachnology, 4: 145–200.

MONZÓN SIERRA, J. 2006. El género Chrysina Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) en Guatemala. Pp. 393– 401 in: Cano, E.B. (ed.), Bioiversidad de Guatemala. Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala. 674 pp.

MORRONE, J. J. 2001. Biogeografía de América Latina y el Caribe. Manuales & Tesis SEA, 3: 1–148.

PRENDINI, L. 2000. Phylogeny and classification of the superfamily Scorpionoidea Latreille 1802 (Chelicerata: Scorpiones): An exemplar approach. Cladistics, 16: 1–78. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2000.tb00348.x

QUIJANO-RAVELL, A. F., R. TERUEL & J. PONCESAAVEDRA. 2016. A new Centruroides Marx, 1890 (Scorpiones: Buthidae), from southern Guerrero State, Mexico. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 28: 25–34.

STAHNKE, H. L. 1971. Scorpion nomenclature and mensuration. Entomological News, 81(11): 297– 316.

TERUEL, R., F. KOVAŘÍK, J. G. BALDAZO-MONSIVAIS & D. HOFEREK. 2015. A new species of Centruroides of the "nigrovariatus" group (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from southern Mexico. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 26: 3–14.

VACHON, M., 1974. Etude des caractères utilisés pour classer les familles et les genres de Scorpions (Arachnides). 1. La trichobothriotaxie en arachnologie. Sigles trichobothriaux et types de trichobothriotaxie chez les Scorpions. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 3è sér., n° 140, Zool., 104: 857–958.