Pleural pigtail catheter placement is associated with many complications including pneumothorax, hemorrhage, and chest pain. Air embolism is a known but rare complication of pleural pigtail catheter insertion and has a high risk of occurrence with positive pressure ventilation. In this case report, we present a 50-year-old male with bilateral pneumonia who developed a pneumothorax while on mechanical ventilation with continuous positive airway pressure mode .During the placement of the pleural pigtail catheter to correct the pneumothorax, the patient developed a sudden left sided body weakness and became unresponsive. An air embolism was identified in the right main cerebral artery, which was fatal.
Emad Alkhankan, Ahmad Nusair, Rida Mazagri, and Mohammed Al-Ourani, “Systemic Air Embolism Associated with Pleural Pigtail Chest Tube Insertion,” Case Reports in Pulmonology, vol. 2016, Article ID 4053748, 3 pages, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4053748.