Anchoring lumen-apposing metal stent with coaxial plastic stent for endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of pancreatic fluid collections: any benefit?

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Background: Anchoring double-pigtail plastic stents (DPSs) within lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMSs) has been proposed to prevent adverse events during endoscopic drainage of pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs). We sought to compare the outcomes of patients who received LAMSs alone and those who received both LAMSs and anchoring DPSs for drainage of PFCs.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at the University of Kentucky. Patients with PFCs who underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage using LAMSs, with or without DPSs, between January 2016 and March 2018 were included. Categorical data were analyzed using chi-square tests, and continuous variables using 2-sample t-tests. Adverse events were defined according to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy’s Lexicon. The primary outcome was to evaluate the efficacy (PFC resolution), and safety (adverse events) of LAMSs with or without DPSs used to drain PFCs.

Results: Fifty-seven patients with PFCs were treated by 2 experienced endoscopists over 26 months. Twenty-one (37%) patients received LAMSs alone, and 36 (63%) received LAMSs plus DPSs. Forty-three patients had walled-off pancreatic necrosis, and 14 patients had pancreatic pseudocyst. Clinical success (resolution of PFCs) was achieved in 15 patients (71.4%) in the LAMSs alonegroup, and 21 patients (58.3%) with LAMSs plus DPSs (P=0.32). In patients with LAMSs alone, 6 patients (28.6%) had adverse events, while in those with LAMSs plus DPSs, 14 (38.9%) patients had adverse events (P=0.43).

Conclusion: No significant difference was identified in fluid resolution or adverse events between patients with LAMSs alone and those with LAMSs plus DPSs.


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