We derive and analyze the dynamic of a stochastic SEI epidemic model for disease spread. Fluctuations in the transmission rate of the disease bring about stochasticity in model. We discuss the asymptotic stability of the infection-free equilibrium by first deriving the closed form deterministic (R0) and stochastic (R0) basic reproductive number. Contrary to some author’s remark that different diffusion rates have no effect on the stability of the disease-free equilibrium, we showed that even if no epidemic invasion occurs with respect to the deterministic version of the SEI model (i.e., R0 < 1), epidemic can still grow initially (if R0 > 1) because of the presence of noise in the stochastic version of the model. That is, diffusion rates can have effect on the stability by causing a transient epidemic advance. A threshold criterion for epidemic invasion was derived in the presence of external noise.
O. M. Otunuga, “Global Stability of Nonlinear Stochastic SEI Epidemic Model with Fluctuations in Transmission rate of Disease,” International Journal of Stochastic Analysis, vol. 2017, Article ID 6313620, pp 1-7, 2017.