Surgical robots are computer-assisted electromechanical devices that aid surgeons and are designed to replicate human movements into more steady precise motions, giving more accurate and delicate operations. The purpose of this research was to study the evolution of technical features of surgical robots on cardiology to determine technical advantages and barriers of these technologies. In one study out of all 50 patients that had endoscopic atraumatic coronary artery bypass robotic surgery, 49 reported they would recommend the surgery to another. Features make instrument manipulation more intuitive by eliminating the fulcrum effect, which removes the surgeon from twisting and turning in awkward positions. In another research, operative times were longer with robot-assisted surgery with an average of 97.1 minutes compared to traditional laparoscopy with an average of 82.1 minutes. Additionally, scars are eliminated with robot-assisted surgeries, which decrease blood loss, length of stay, postoperative pain, and narcotic use. The results of this study suggest that the benefits of advancement in technical features of robotic cardiac surgery outweigh the barriers.
Ashford, H., Hunter, A., Phung, C., & Coustasse, A. (2015, January). Use of robots on cardiac surgery. Paper presented at the AABRI International Conference, Orlando, FL.