Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 2014


The establishment of Meaningful Use criteria has created a critical need for robust interoperability. A universal definition for a Personal Health Records (PHRs) has not been agreed upon. Standardized code sets have been built for specific entities but integration between them has not been supported. The purpose of this research study was to explore the hindrance and promotion of interoperability standards in relationship to PHRs to describe interoperability progress in this area. The methodology for this study was conducted following the basic principles of a systematic review, with 61 articles used for this research study. Lagging interoperability has been stemmed from slow adoption by patients, creation of disparate systems due to rapid development for Meaningful Use stages, and rapid early development of PHRs prior to the mandate for integration among multiple systems. Findings of this study suggest that deadlines for implementation to capture Meaningful Use incentive payments are supporting the creation of PHR data silos; thereby, hindering the goal of high-level interoperability.


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