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Medicare fraud and abuse costs are estimated at 3%-10% of overall Medicare spending, which is expected to expand considerably until 2024 and as such the amount of fraud dollars would be expected to increase proportionally. The purpose of this research was to determine how recent reforms, especially the Patient Protection and Accountable Care Act, may affect Medicare fraud and abuse and to uncover the best strategies to combat Medicare fraud. The breadth of fraud and abuse within Medicare as well as recent reforms to fight fraud including legislative reforms, delivery system reforms, and other reforms including the formation of HEAT fraud fighting taskforces are examined. Legislative reforms are noted to be incompatible with the ACA’s new P4P delivery and reimbursement reforms. Medicare fraud requires comprehensive detection and prevention measures. Benefits of implementing this dual method of fraud fighting are discussed.


This is an electronic version of an article published in Clemente, S., McGrady, R., Repass, R., Paul III, D. P., & Coustasse, A. (2017). Medicare and the affordable care act: Fraud control efforts and results. International Journal of Healthcare Management, 1-7. International Journal of Healthcare Management is available online at: Copyright © 2017 Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.