Personal Health Records (PHRs) is a software application that allows patients to review their medical information remotely through a secure domain. There are four forms of PHRs which are; 1) self-contained Electronic Health Record (EHR), 2) self-contained EHR, 3) PHRs integrated care EHR controlled by health provider and partially by the patient/consumer, 4) PHRs integrated care EHR controlled by the patient/consumer. The methodology for this study was a literature review and semi-structure interview with a specialist in health information technology. Electronic databases used included PubMed, Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost, LexisNexis and Google Scholar. A total of 38 sources were referenced. Currently, most PHRs are not integrated with other systems. Interoperability exists and has continued to grow steadily, but few individuals perceive the potential benefits of a PHR system including cost and quality of care. Regardless, the review has shown increased PHR use as well as MU adoption. Based on previous literature PHRs, although there has been imported accesses for patient portal as well as major saving for health care providers, the success rate of adoption is still low. The information gathered through semi-structure interview identified PHRs lack of interoperability in the nation and interoperability will not be achieved until the implementation of MU stage 3 by 2019. PHR interoperability has been presented to have significant ability to transform the way individuals have been able to access their PHRs and allowed for increased patient autonomy in the US.
Alghamdi, M., Stanley, C., Willis, W., Coustasse, A. (2019, March). Personal health record interoperability. Paper presented at BHAA Annual Conference, Chicago, IL.