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Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) has been costly for the healthcare system; every 19 minutes, a newborn was diagnosed in 2021. Medically Assisted Treatment (MAT)) for expecting mothers has been shown to decrease costs and length of stay for newborns NAS. This study utilized a literature review and a semi-structured interview. The research showed that medically assisted treatment with methadone or buprenorphine during pregnancy decreased costs, LOS, and severity of symptoms for newborns diagnosed with NAS. The findings showed a positive association between lower costs for the initial stay of infants whose mothers received MAT. MAT during pregnancy has been shown to correlate positively with a shorter initial LOS for infants with NAS.


This is the authors’ manuscript of a presentation given at MBAA International Copyright © 2023 The Authors. All rights reserved.