Effect of feeding level on serum IGF1 response to GH injection

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This study was conducted to further understand the mechanism by which nutrition modulates GH-induced changes in serum IGF1 concentration in cattle. Cows were fed hay only or corn-based concentrates in addition to hay for 8 weeks. At week 8, serum concentrations of IGF1, IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP3), and acid-labile subunit (ALS) as well as their mRNA levels in liver were determined immediately before and 7 days after an injection of GH formulated for sustained release. GH injection caused greater increases in both serum IGF1 concentration and liver IGF1 mRNA expression in the cows fed concentrates than in those fed hay. In the cows fed concentrates, the magnitude of the GH-induced increase in serum IGF1 concentration was, however, much greater than that in liver IGF1 mRNA expression. This difference was not due to GH-induced IGF1 mRNA being translated more efficiently. GH injection also induced greater increases in serum IGFBP3 and ALS concentrations in the cows fed concentrates than fed hay. The injection, however, did not induce a greater increase in IGFBP3 or ALS mRNA in the cows fed concentrates than fed hay. These data and the fact that the ternary complex of IGF1/IGFBP3/ALS stabilizes each of the components in the blood suggest that in cows, increased nutrition enhances serum IGF1 response to GH not only by increasing IGF1 mRNA response to GH in the liver, but also by elevating IGFBP3 and ALS concentrations in the blood.


This article first appeared in the July 2010 issue of Journal of Endocrinology, the member magazine of the Society for Endocrinology, and is reprinted with permission.

Copyright 2010 Society for Endocrinology