Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 1-1-2013


In Noise, The Political Economy of Music Jacques Attali outlines how musical practice presages periods of economic development. The current late capitalist, post-Fordist, stage resembles what Attali calls the “network of composition”; where codes are oriented toward receiving pleasure from instruments of communication, use, and exchange value is experienced not accumulated. Post-Fordism affords a climate in which new codes of use and exchange emerge through limited production, flexible labor, and increased information flow. These codes increasingly support choice, nonconformity, and free-expression. Improvised/creative music, free jazz, and forms where self-expression, exploration of human potential freed from production signify the emergence of the “network of composition.” Lawrence D. “Butch” Morris’ music created via Conduction is one example; encouraging individuality, integrity, tolerance, critical assessment, risk-taking, responsibility, and realization of human potential. It encourages free choice in contexts where consequences of actions may be acknowledged instantaneously. In short, Conduction is a model for the “network of composition.”


This is a pre-published paper copyright © 2013 Mark Zanter. All rights reserved.