Semifluorinated polymer latexes were prepared by emulsion polymerization of 2.5-25% of a fluoroalkyl methacrylate, 25% chloromethylstyrene, 1% styrylmethyl(trimethyl)ammonium chloride, and the remainder 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate under surfactant-free conditions. The chloromethylstyrene units were converted to quaternary ammonium ions with trimethylamine. In aqueous dispersions at particle concentrations of less than 1 mg mL-1 the quaternary ammonium ion latexes promoted hydrolyses of p-nitrophenyl hexanoate (PNPH) in pH 9.4 borate buffer and of diethyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate (Paraoxon) in 0.1 M NaOH at 30 oC with half-lives of less than 10 minutes. Thin 0.7-2 μm films of the latexes on glass promoted fast hydrolysis of Paraoxon but not of PNPH under the same conditions. Even after annealing the quaternary ammonium ion polymer films at temperatures well above their glass transition temperatures, AFM images of the film surfaces had textures of particles. Contact angle measurements of the annealed films against water and against hexadecane showed that the surfaces were not highly fluorinated.
Kaur, B.; McBride, S. P.; Paul, A.; Ford, W. T. Hydrolysis of p-Nitrophenyl Esters Promoted by Semifluorinated Quaternary Ammonium Polymer Latexes and Films. Langmuir 2010, 26, 15779–15785.