Passive Immunization Against Marinobufagenin Attenuates Renal Fibrosis and Improves Renal Function in Experimental Renal Disease
BACKGROUND We have shown that the cardiotonic steroid marinobufagenin (MBG) is elevated in clinical and experimental renal disease, and significantly contributes to the development of experimental uremic cardiomyopathy induced by removal of five-sixths of the kidney (5/6 nephrectomy; PNx) in the rat. We have demonstrated that both active and passive immunization against MBG with an anti-MBG monoclonal antibody (mAb 3E9) significantly attenuated cardiac fibrosis following PNx. In the present study we sought to determine whether the use of mAb 3E9 could improve renal function following PNx.
METHODS Sprague–Dawley rats were treated with either mAb 3E9 or with DigiFab (an affinity-purified anti-digoxin antibody formerly named Digibind) during the fourth week after PNx. Sham-operated animals and PNx animals treated with an IgG antibody served as controls. Plasma, urine, and renal tissue were collected at the completion of the study to determine the effects of antibody treatment on renal function.
RESULTS In PNx rats, treatments with mAb 3E9 and DigiFab, respectively, significantly reduced plasma creatinine, improved creatinine clearance, and reduced proteinuria below the values of these three measures in IgG-treated PNx controls. Additionally, treatment with mAb 3E9 and DigiFab significantly reduced renal fibrosis as measured with Western blotting and Sirius red/Fast green staining.
CONCLUSIONS Passive immunization against MBG significantly improved renal function and markedly reduced renal fibrosis following the experimental induction of renal disease. The work in the study reported here adds to a growing body of knowledge implicating MBG in the development of chronic renal disease. Passive immunization against cardiotonic steroids may serve as a promising treatment for chronic renal disease.
Haller, ST, CA Drummond, Y Yan, J Liu, J Tian, D Malhotra and JI Shapiro. 2013. Passive immunization against marinobufagenin attenuates renal fibrosis and improves renal function in experimental renal disease. Am. J. Hyperten. 27:603-9. PMID:24014658.