Twelve tips for facilitating team-based learning

Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 9-10-2015


Background: Team-based learning (TBL) has become a more commonly recognized and implemented pedagogical approach in curricula of numerous disciplines. The desire to place more autonomy on the student and spend less in-class time delivering content has resulted in complete or partial adoption of this style of learning in many educational settings.

Aim: Provide faculty with tools that foster a well facilitated and interactive TBL learning environment.

Methods: We examined the published literature in the area of facilitation – specifically in TBL environments, and explored learning theories associated with team learning and our own experiences to create these facilitation tips.

Results: We created 12 tips for TBL facilitation designed to assist faculty to achieve an effective and engaging TBL learning environment.

Conclusions: Applying these twelve tips while facilitating a TBL classroom session will help to ensure maximal participation and optimal learning in a safe yet stimulating environment.


The copy of record is available from Taylor & Francis Online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.3109/0142159X.2014.1001729. Copyright © 2015 Informa UK Ltd.

doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2014.1001729