The role of SAP in murine CD150 (SLAM)-mediated T-cell proliferation and interferon γ production
CD150 (signaling lymphocyte activation molecule [SLAM]) is a self-ligand cell surface glycoprotein expressed on T cells, B cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. To further explore the role of CD150 signaling in costimulation and TH1 priming we have generated a panel of rat antimouse CD150 monoclonal antibodies. CD150 cell surface expression is up-regulated with rapid kinetics in activated T cells and lipopolysaccharide/interferon γ (IFN-γ)–activated macrophages. Anti-CD150 triggering induces strong costimulation of T cells triggered through CD3. DNA synthesis of murine T cells induced by anti-CD150 is not dependent on SLAM-associated protein (SAP, SH2D1A), because anti-CD150 induces similar levels of DNA synthesis in SAP−/− T cells. Antibodies to CD150 also enhance IFN-γ production both in wild-type and SAP−/− T cells during primary stimulation. The level of IFN-γ production is higher in SAP−/− T cells than in wild-type T cells. Anti-CD150 antibodies also synergize with interleukin 12 (IL-12) treatment in up-regulation of IL-12 receptor β2 mRNA during TH1 priming, and inhibit primary TH2 polarization in an IFN-γ–dependent fashion. Cross-linking CD150 on CD4 T cells induces rapid serine phosphorylation of Akt/PKB. We speculate that this is an important pathway contributing to CD150-mediated T-cell proliferation.
Howie D, Okamoto S, Rietdijk S, et al. The role of SAP in murine CD150 (SLAM)-mediated T-cell proliferation and interferon gamma production. Blood. 2002;100: 2899-2907.