A Drosophila Kinesin-like Protein, Klp38B, Functions during Meiosis, Mitosis, and Segmentation
We show that klp38B, isolated as a mutation that dominantly prolongs blastoderm mitotic cycles in Drosophila, encodes a Drosophila kinesin-like protein. Further genetic analyses show that Klp38B not only functions during mitosis, but is also required for meiosis and abdominal segmentation. Sequence comparisons suggest that Klp38B encodes an aminoterminal microtubule motor domain, a central a-helical coiled-coil domain, and a C-terminal globular domain. Evidence that Klp38B is required during meiosis is that flies transheterozygous for mutations in both klp38B and nod have a high frequency of 4th chromosome meiotic nondisjunction. Nod is a chromokinesin, a chromosome binding kinesin, that is believed to provide astral-exclusion forces during the metaphase stage of meiosis. Evidence that Klp38B is required during mitosis is that embryos from female germline clones of klp38B mutations have holes in the cuticle similar to a zygotic string (dCDC25) phenotype. Also, anti-Klp38B antibody injection into precellularization blastoderm embryos causes developmental arrest and the formation of circular mitotic figures. We speculate, based on these phenotypes, that Klp38B is a chromokinesin that provides astral-exclusion forces on the chromosomes during meiosis and mitosis. Consistent with this hypothesis, we have identified an HMG-1 homologous region on Klp38B that could potentially bind AT-rich DNA sequences. Finally, we show that klp38B mutations have defects in abdominal segmentation, suggesting that Klp38B, like Xenopus chromokinesin Xklp1, might be involved in polar granule formation.
Ruden, D., Sollars, V., Alterman, M. (1997). A Drosophila Kinesin-like Protein, Klp38B, Functions during Meiosis, Mitosis and Segmentation. Developmental Biology 191, pp. 284-296.