There are many different biochemical processes responsible for the hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) development that can be targeted for the prevention or halt progression of the HCC. Non-selective betablockers (NSBB) affects a multitude of intracellular biochemical and signaling pathways involved in carcinogenesis. Aim: To determine if NSBB may be protective for HCC in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 200 patients from medical records diagnosed with cirrhosis and portal hypertension between January 2001 and December 2013. Eighteen patients were excluded (taking selective beta-blocker and/or unavailable medical records). The etiology of cirrhosis, use of NSBB, demographics and the presence of HCC was collected. Result: There were 140 males and 42 females. The mean age for portal hypertension with cirrhosis without HCC was 53.5 ± 11.4 & with HCC was 62.2 ± 9.5 years. Univariate analysis of the association of NSBB with HCC yielded OR = 0. 11 (95% CI: 0.04 to 0.25); p < 0.0001, suggesting a protective effect of NSBB. Multivariable analysis suggests virtually no change when the Odds ratio (OR) was adjusted for diabetes mellitus (DM), alcohol use, Hepatitis B virus (HBV) status, Black race and age ≥ 53. There was a slight increase in the OR adjusted for statin use. Conclusion: This study highlights association of NSBB use in the patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension for prevention of HCC.
Patel H, Kumar A, Shah N, Eris E, Maroules M, Baddoura WJ, DeBari VA. Role of Non-Selective Beta Blockers in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: An Analysis in Patients with Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension. North American Journal of Medicine and Science. 2015;8(3).