SHPS‐1/SIRPα1 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the immunoglobulin (Ig) super family. In the present study, we show that SHPS‐1 strongly associates with Concanavalin A (Con A), a plant lectin obtained from jack beans. Further studies with SHPS‐1 mutants reveal that the extracellular domain of SHPS‐1 containing the Ig sequence is responsible for its association with Con A. Con A treatment induces cross‐linking and multimerization of the SHPS‐1 protein in the plasma membrane, accompanied by its tyrosine phosphorylation and recruitment of SHP‐2. In contrast, Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA), another lectin obtained from castor bean, does not bind or activate tyrosine phosphorylation of SHPS‐1. Moreover, Con A activates Akt in a SHP‐2‐dependent manner. Treatment of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) with Con A induces secretion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)‐9, a phenomenon that is inhibited in cells expressing YF mutant of SHPS‐1, a dominant negative form of Akt or in cells pre‐treated with an Akt inhibitor, LY294002 or extracellular‐signal regulated kinase (Erk) inhibitor, U0126. In addition, expression of the YF mutant of SHPS‐1 inhibits Con A‐dependent activation of Akt and Erk kinases. Taken together, our results suggest that SHPS‐1 is a receptor for Con A that mediates Con A‐dependent MMP‐9 secretion through SHP‐2‐promoted activation of both Akt and Erk pathways.
Ruhul Amin AR, Uddin Biswas MH, Senga T, Feng GS, Kannagi R, Agarwal ML, Hamaguchi M. A role for SHPS‐1/SIRPα in Concanavalin A‐dependent production of MMP‐9. Genes to Cells. 2007;12(9):1023-33.