SH2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 regulates concanavalin A-dependent secretion and activation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 pathways
We investigated the role of SH2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP) 2 in Concanavalin A (Con A) -dependent signaling that leads to the augmented secretion and activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2. In cells expressing mutant SHP-2 in which 65 amino acids in the SH2-N domain were deleted, we found that production, secretion, and proteolytic activation of MMP-2 in response to Con A treatment was severely impaired. Under Con A stimulation, complex formation of SHP-2 with SOS-1 and Grb-2 together with the activation of Ras signaling was clearly observed in wild-type cells, but not in SHP-2 mutant cells. In wild-type cells, Con A-treatment activated dual signaling pathways, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) and p38, in a Ras-dependent manner, whereas Con A-dependent activation of these signaling pathways was absent in SHP-2 mutant cells. In addition, pretreatment of wild-type cells with U0126, a potent inhibitor for mitogen-activated protein/ERK kinase 1, or with SB203580, a specific inhibitor for p38, significantly inhibited the Con A-dependent secretion and activation of MMP-2. However, overexpression of active mitogen-activated protein/ERK kinase 1 in SHP-2 mutant cells could not induce clear activation of MMP-2 secretion, although these cells responded well to the Con A treatment in a p38-dependent manner. Finally, reintroduction of wild-type SHP-2 into SHP-2 mutant cells rescued Erk and p38 activation, and also MMP-2 secretion, whereas dominant-negative SHP-2 could block the Con A-dependent activation of Erk and p38. Taken together, our results strongly suggest that SHP-2 plays a critical role as a positive mediator for Con A-dependent activation of MMP-2 secretion via Ras-Erk and Ras-p38 signalings.
Amin AR, Oo ML, Senga T, Suzuki N, Feng GS, Hamaguchi M. SH2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 regulates concanavalin A-dependent secretion and activation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 pathways. Cancer research. 2003;63(19):6334-9.