Date of Award


Degree Name

Computer Science


College of Information Technology and Engineering

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Cong Pu

Second Advisor

Wook-Sung Yoo

Third Advisor

Jamil Chaudri


The spread of wirelessly connected computing sensors and devices and hybrid networks are leading to the emergence of an Internet of Things (IoT), where a myriad of multi-scale sensors and devices are seamlessly blended for ubiquitous computing and communication. However, the communication operations of wireless devices are often limited by the size and lifetime of the batteries because of the portability and mobility. To reduce energy consumption during wireless communication, the IEEE 802.11 standard specifies a power management scheme, called Power Saving Mechanism (PSM), for IEEE 802.11 devices. However, the PSM of IEEE 802.11 was originally designed for battery-supported devices in single-hop Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs), and it does not consider devices that are equipped with rechargeable batteries and energy harvesting capability. In this thesis, the original PSM is extended by incorporating with intermittent energy harvesting in the IEEE 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) layer specification, and a novel energy harvesting aware power saving mechanism, called EH-PSM, is proposed. The basic idea of EH-PSM is to assign a longer contention window to a device in energy harvesting mode than that of a device in normal mode to make the latter access the wireless medium earlier and quicker. In addition, the device in energy harvesting mode stays active as far as it harvests energy and updates the access point of its harvesting mode to enable itself to be ready for receiving and sending packets or overhearing any on-going communication. The proposed scheme is evaluated through extensive simulation experiments using OMNeT++ and its performance is compared with the original PSM. The simulation results indicate that the proposed scheme can not only improve the packet delivery ratio and throughput but also reduce the packet delivery latency


Energy harvesting.

IEEE 802.11 (Standard)