Date of Award


Degree Name

Leadership Studies


College of Education

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Dr. Dennis M. Anderson, Committee Chairperson

Second Advisor

Dr. Charles Bethel

Third Advisor

Dr. Edna Meisel


This study explored content delivery comparisons concerning a hybrid blended model versus a traditional lecture model in a Doctor of Physical Therapy Program. There is a gap in the physical therapy literature describing the intricacies of distance, online, and hybrid models used in doctoral education. Thirty students were randomly selected out of a hat to be placed into one of two groups with an n=15. The course chosen in the study was a clinical decision-making segment based on assessment and examination of level of the spine. Group 1 was instructed only using traditional methods of live in person lecture and live in person demonstration of skills competencies. Group 2 was taught using hybrid blended model delivery of course content and video demonstration of all skills competencies. Research questions were answered for significance and correlation using statistical methods of an Independent Samples t-test, ChiSquare statistic, and use of descriptive statistics data. Findings indicated that TCM and HBM groups did not significantly differ in their responses to the individual perception of satisfaction questions or in the multiple choice-test scores. However, findings suggest that the mean of Items Correct on the 8-item competency skills check-off was significantly different between the TCM and HBM categories of Group, with the HBM group scoring slightly better upon the scoring than the TCM group did. The information generated by this study may facilitate growth in health education programs that aim to expand the ability of students to attend school and increase future employment and education of those individuals in rural areas, as well as foster new interpretations of the effectiveness and perceptions of hybrid/blended learning in the current COVID-19 pandemic and social distancing culture.


Physical therapists -- Study and teaching.

Blended learning.

Education -- Effect of technological innovations on.