Date of Award


Degree Name

Educational Leadership


College of Education and Professional Development

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Powell E. Toth

Second Advisor

Jack E. Yeager

Third Advisor

Stephen D. Cupps

Fourth Advisor

Phyllis C. Durden

Fifth Advisor

Paul A. Leary


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between age, tenure of employment, level of administrative position, educational level, and personality type and the degree of self-expressed job satisfaction among female administrators in the National Education Association (NEA) and affiliate organizations. The total population of 181 female administrators employed at the National Education Association and its affiliates were surveyed.

Each participant was mailed a survey packet containing a cover letter, a demographics sheet, and two questionnaires. Personality type was determined by scores on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator-Form G (1977). Demographic information was collected using the Survey of National Education Association Affiliate Female Administrators, which was adapted from surveys previously conducted by Mauter (1980), Hawthorne (1985), Hutchens (1990), and Hardman (1996). Job satisfaction was determined from scores on the Mohrman-Cooke-Mohrman Job Satisfaction Scales (Mohrman, Cooke, Mohrman, Duncan, & Zaltman, 1977). The total return rate was 121 responses (67%).

Data generated by the surveys were assigned codes, transferred to a computer file, verified for processing, and statistically analyzed using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS) computer software program. Analyses of Variances were utilized to test the hypotheses. An alpha level of 0.05 was established as the criterion to determine significance.

An analysis of the data collected in this study indicated several findings. The analyses revealed no statistically significant differences between the categories of age as related to job satisfaction considering intrinsic satisfaction, extrinsic satisfaction, and overall satisfaction Similarly, no statistically significant differences were found in the three categories of job satisfaction when considering the total number of years of administrative experience of the administrator. No statistical significance was found to exist in regard to intrinsic, extrinsic, or overall job satisfaction and the personality type of the respondent. Likewise, no statistical significance was found to exist in regard to educational level.

When examining job satisfaction with relation to the number of years administrators had served in their current position, however, statistically significant differences were found in the three categories of job satisfaction. In each of the classifications of job satisfaction, the administrator with 10 to 26 years in her current position expressed a higher level of satisfaction than that of the administrator with 7 to 9 years of experience in her current position.

Statistical significance was found in the relationship between job satisfaction and level of administrative position. In each of the three classifications of satisfaction. executive directors expressed a higher level of satisfaction than that of assistant executive directors, division directors, and program directors.


The University of West Virginia College of Graduate Studies became the WV Graduate College in 1992 and was subsequently merged with Marshall University in 1997.


Job satisfaction.

Women school administrators – United States.

Educational leadership – United States.

National Education Association of the United States.