Date of Award


Degree Name



College of Liberal Arts

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Roger Mooney

Second Advisor

Debra Lilly

Third Advisor

Beverly Winter

Fourth Advisor

Karen Roberts

Fifth Advisor

Stephen O’Keefe


This study explored gender differences in reports of depressive symptoms among adolescents. Self-esteem was examined for its relationship to reports of depressive symptoms and self-consciousness was examined to determine its influence on self-esteem and depression. One hundred four 10th grade students were involved in the study. The Beck Depression Inventory-II, the Imaginary Audience Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory were used in the analysis. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the data. Alpha was set at .05. A positive relationship was found between gender and the variables of depression, abiding self-consciousness, transient self-consciousness, and self-esteem. Females scored significantly higher than males in depression, abiding self-consciousness, and transient self-consciousness. Females also reported having lower self-esteem than males. A significant relationship was found between transient self-consciousness and depression in male and female adolescents. Implications of the findings and intervention techniques for adolescent depression are discussed.


Depression in adolescence.

Self-esteem in adolescence.