Date of Award


Degree Name

Leadership Studies


College of Education and Professional Development

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Dr. Bobbi Nicholson, Committee Chairperson

Second Advisor

Dr. Ronald Childress

Third Advisor

Dr. Marc Ellison

Fourth Advisor

Dr. Jim Harris


This research investigated West Virginia teachers’ perceptions of online, on-demand professional development. The researcher used a mixed-methods, nonexperimental study that utilized a 16-item survey and a six-item follow-up survey to examine teacher perceptions. A convenience sample was used and was comprised of participants of the West Virginia Behavior/Mental Health Technical Assistance Center at Marshall University’s 2021 online, on-demand professional development, Keynotes for Key People. The purpose of the study was to determine if effectiveness characteristics of in-person professional development could be embodied by online, on-demand professional development. The premise of the study was that if the effectiveness characteristics of in-person professional development could not align to online, on-demand professional development, additional studies might need to be conducted in order to develop an effectiveness characteristic framework specific to online, on-demand professional development offerings. The study found that West Virginia teachers had an overall positive opinion of online, on-demand offerings and felt that Keynotes for Key People embodied effectiveness characteristics derived from traditional professional development research, however, more research needs to be done to determine whether the results are generalizable to other online, on-demand professional development offerings and other populations.


Teachers – West Virginia.

Professional development for teachers – Effectiveness – West Virginia.

Technology – Effectiveness.

Web-based instruction – Effectiveness.

Marshall University.