Date of Award


Degree Name

Social Studies


College of Liberal Arts

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

William A. Paynter

Second Advisor

Mahlon C. Brown


During the past two decades a substantial amount of educational research has focused on the relationship between socioeconomic status and school achievement. Many researchers believe that a strong correlation exists between these two factors while others present evidence to refute this hypothesis. It appears that most of these investigations fall into one of three categories. Arthur Jensen, a well known advocate of genetic determinism, contended that eighty percent of the variance in intelligence could be accounted for by hereditary factors. This position supported a belief that children from families living in poverty from one generation to the next tended to perform poorly in school environments due to inherent genetic inferiority.


Academic achievement - West Virginia.

Students - Socioeconomic status - West Virginia.

Performance in children - West Virginia.