Date of Award


Degree Name



College of Liberal Arts

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Dr. Robert D. Sawrey

Second Advisor

Dr. Leonard J. Deutsch


This thesis focuses on the treatment of Native Americans in the United States, with comparisons being made with the treatment of the native peoples of Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The treatment of these four countries will not be equal in each chapter due in part to the resources available and because this work's core focus is on the United States. The period covered in the United States begins with white, or European colonization and continues until the period of Franklin Roosevelt's administration. I use the period of colonization as my starting point for each country because the colonization of the four countries reviewed did not begin at the same time. I use Roosevelt's administration as the general cut off point for the United States because of John Collier, Roosevelt's Commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and his "New Deal" for the Indians. This New Deal returned partial control for tribal affairs to tribal councils. Much of the tribes' self determination had previously been taken away by the U.S. government. For the other three countries the time frame ends when the native people receive citizenship in more than just title. In New Zealand, for example, the Maori obtained British citizenship with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in the early 1800's, but years passed along with two wars before they received the benefits of citizenship.


Indigenous peoples – United States.

Indigenous peoples – Canada.

Indigenous peoples – New Zealand.

Aboriginal Australians – Government relations.

Indians of North America – Government relations.

Māori (New Zealand people) – Government relations.

Indigenous peoples – Government relations.