Veria Hicks

Date of Award


Degree Name

School Psychology


Graduate School of Education and Professional Development

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Sandra S. Stroebel

Second Advisor

Fred Jay Krieg

Third Advisor

Stephen O’Keefe


Much has been written regarding bias in intellectual tests, in particular racial bias (Naglieri & Rojhan, 2001). Depending on the way intelligence is measured, a difference may be found between racial and ethnic groups. In the second half of the 20th century on the average, the mean IQ score of African Americans was one standard deviation below that of Caucasian students (Gerig and Zimbardo, 2002). This study addressed whether racial bias existed in the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS), and examined the relationship of the RIAS to other intelligence tests. The results were analyzed using a simple linear regression. There was no significant difference between the scores of the African American students and the Caucasian students. There was a moderate correlation between the RIAS and other intelligence tests.


Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales.

Intelligence tests.

Minorities - Testing.