Date of Award
College of Science
Type of Degree
Tamoxifen (Tam) is an anticancer drug that induces oxidative stress and apoptosis via mitochondria- and nitric oxide (NO)-dependent pathways. Here, we report that therapeutic concentrations of Tam stimulate the mitochondrial NO synthase (mtNOS) activity of isolated rat liver mitochondria by increasing the intramitochondrial ionized Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]m). Tam decreases transmembrane potential (∆ψ) due to increased [Ca2+]m that neutralizes the negative charges of the inner mitochondrial membrane. Thus, the present study reports a novel mechanism for the widely used anti- caner drug, Tam.
Joshi, Sandeep S., "Effects of Tamoxifen on Mitochondrial NOS activity: alteration in the intramitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis" (2005). Theses, Dissertations and Capstones. 678.