Date of Award


Degree Name

Curriculum and Instruction


College of Education

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Ronald B. Childress

Second Advisor

Teresa R. Eagle

Third Advisor

Rudy Pauley

Fourth Advisor

Jennifer Sirk


The purpose of this study was to describe levels of knowledge and implementation of 21st century instructional practices among elementary school teachers whose administrators participated in the 2006 – 2007 21st Century Leadership Institute. A researcher-developed survey was used to collect data from 242 elementary teachers from 22 West Virginia schools. Teachers reported high or moderate knowledge and indicated they were implementing a majority of the 21st century instructional practices on a daily or weekly basis. Teacher knowledge of practices was significantly different based on school SES. Teacher implementation levels were not significantly different based on the variables investigated. The principal was determined to be the most significant influence on teacher knowledge and implementation levels. Lack of time, resources, and training were the biggest challenges to successful implementation of 21st century practices.


Teachers -- Education (Elementary) -- West Virginia.