Date of Award


Degree Name

School Psychology


Graduate School of Education and Professional Development

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Lanai Jennings

Second Advisor

Sandra Stroebel

Third Advisor

Teresa Clark


In 2005, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandated that the percent of parents who report that schools facilitated parental involvement as a means of improving services and results for children with disabilities be reported to the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). The purpose of this study was to analyze the variability in methodologies used by 20 different states over eight years. The findings indicated the gap between the higher and lower performing states were due primarily to the metric and standard chosen. States choosing measures and standards other than those recommended by National Center for Special Education Accountability Monitoring (NCSEAM) reported significantly higher percentages than those following the recommendations. Furthermore, modest growth rates were generally observed during the eight years for states calculating and reporting the same Rasch measure. These findings stress the need for parent involvement measures which are feasible, sensitive to growth, and provide normative data.


Education -- Parent participation.