Date of Award


Degree Name

School Psychology


Graduate School of Education and Professional Development

Type of Degree


Document Type


First Advisor

Sandra S. Stroebel

Second Advisor

R. Lanai Jennings

Third Advisor

Peter N. Prewett


This study examined the effect of participating in the free and reduced price meal program on reading and math performance in first grade. The students were placed in three groups: the first qualified but did not report consuming either free meal, the second qualified, but only reported eating the free breakfast, and the third qualified and reported eating both a free breakfast and lunch. Two sets of standardized assessments (fall & spring) were given to the students in order to measure their academic skills. The fall assessments were used as the covariate to control for prior achievement, and the three group means were compared to measure their performance on the spring reading and math assessment. An analysis of covariance indicated that consuming a free or reduced lunch or breakfast did not have a significant effect on the children’s achievement during the 1999-2000 school year.


Academic achievement..

School psychology.