The true identity of the enigmatic scorpion Rhopalurus pintoi Mello-Leitão, 1932 is herein finally clarified, on the basis of new specimens collected near the type locality: it is demonstrated to be a senior synonym of Rhopalurus piceus Lourenço & Pinto-da-Rocha, 1997, as it was already suspected. The species is redescribed, and some topics on taxonomy, geographical distribution and ecology are commented for this species and Rhopalurus crassicauda Caporiacco, 1947.
Teruel, R., & Tietz, A. K. 2008 . The true identity of Rhopalurus pintoi Mello-Leitão, 1932, with notes on the status and distribution of Rhopalurus crassicauda Caporiacco, 1947 (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius, No. 70: 1-14.