In 2016-2018, we identified 48 distribution records of Euscorpius carpathicus in the Cozia National Park, from the Romanian Southern Carpathians. The Carpathian scorpion was found between 300 and 847 m a.s.l., in forested regions, being more numerous in the lower areas situated along the Olt River. E. carpathicus is a native species in the region; it populates natural areas with low human impact.

References with DOI

BARLOY, J. & F. PRUNAR. 2011. New records of Carabus (Morphocarabus) rothi alutensis Săvulescu, 1972 (Insecta: Coleoptera) in Olt River basin (Romania). Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle «Grigore Antipa», 54(1): 89-93. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10191-011-0006-2

BARTÓK, A. & T. PÓCS. 2014. Distribution of the endemic and critically endangered Draba simonkaiana Jáv. in the southern Carpathians. Journal of Plant Development, 21: 125-133.

BUNESCU, A. 1959. Contribuţii la studiul răspândirii geografice a unor animale mediterannene din R.P.R. Nota I. Artropode. Probleme de Geografie, 6: 87- 107. [in Romanian].

COLOMBO, M. 2006. New data on distribution and ecology of seven species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1786 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius, 36: 1- 40. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2006.vol2006.iss36.1

COLOMBO, M. 2009. On two syntopic species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae in and nearby San Marco fortress (Veneto, Italy): a preliminary investigation. Euscorpius, 87: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2009.vol2009.iss87.1

CRUCITTI, P., M. MALORI & G. ROTELLA. 1998. The scorpions of the urban habitat of Rome (Italy). Urban Ecosystems, 2: 163-170. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1009537817029

CSUZDI, C., V.V. POP & A.A. POP. 2011. The earthworm fauna of the Carpathian Basin with new records and description of three new species (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 250: 2-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2010.10.001

FERENŢI, S. & S.-D. COVACIU-MARCOV. 2016. Do terrestrial isopods from Vâlsan River protected area reflect the region’s peculiarities? Zoogeographic and conservative implications of a possible answer. Eco Mont – Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research, 8(1): 5-11. https://doi.org/10.1553/eco.mont-8-1s5

FERENŢI, S. & S.-D. COVACIU-MARCOV. 2017. New distribution records of the endemic terrestrial isopod Trachelipus ater in the southern Carpathians, Romania. South Western Journal of Horticulture, Biology and Environment, 8(1): 55-60.

FET, V., B. GANTENBEIN, E.V. FET & V. POPA. 2002. Euscorpius carpathicus (Linnaeus, 1767) (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Romania: mitochondrial DNA data. Biogeographica, 78(4): 141- 147.

FET, V. & M.E. SOLEGLAD. 2002. Morphology analysis supports presence of more than one species in the “Euscorpius carpathicus” complex (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius, 3: 1-51. https://doi.org/10.18590/euscorpius.2002.vol2002.iss3.1

FIJARCZYK, A., K. NADACHOWSKA, S. HOFMAN, S.N. LITVINCHUK, W. BABIK, M. STUGLIK, G. GOLLMANN, L. CHOLEVA, D. COGĂLNICEANU, T. VUKOV, G. DŽUKIC & J. SZYMURA. 2011. Nuclear and mitochondrial phylogeography of the European fire-bellied toads Bombina bombina and Bombina variegata supports their independent histories. Molecular Ecology, 20: 3381-3389. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294x.2011.05175.x

GHERGHEL, I., A. SOTEK, M. PAPEŞ, A. STRUGARIU & L. FUSU. 2016. Ecology and biogeography of the endemic scorpion Euscorpius carpathicus (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae): a multiscale analysis. Journal of Arachnology, 44: 88-91. https://doi.org/10.1636/p14-22.1

GHERGHEL, I., A. STRUGARIU, T. SAHLEAN & A. STEFANESCU. 2011. New Romanian distribution record for Darevskia praticola pontica (Lantz and Cyrén, 1919) at its north-western range limit. Herpetozoa, 23(3/4): 91-93.

GROSSU, A.V. 1983. Gastropoda Romaniae 4 Ordo Stylommatophora Suprafam: Arionacea, Zonitacea, Ariophantacea şi Helicacea. Bucureşti, Editura Litera, 563 pp. [in Romanian].

HOMBURG, K., C. DRESS, M.M. GOSSNER, L. RAKOSY, A. VREZEC & T. ASSMANN. 2013. Multiple glacial refugia of the lowdispersal ground beetle Carabus irregularis: Molecular data support predictions of species distribution models. PLoS ONE, 8(4): e61185. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061185

HURDU, B.-I., T. ESCALANTE, M. PUŞCAŞ, A. NOVIKOFF, L. BARTHA & N.E. ZIMMERMANN. 2016. Exploring the different facets of plant endemism in the South-Eastern Carpathians: a manifold approach for the determination of biotic elements, centres and areas of endemism. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 119: 649-672. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12902

HURDU, B.-I., M. PUŞCAŞ, P.D. TURTUREANU, M. NIKETIĆ, G. COLDEA & N.E. ZIMMER-MANN. 2012. Patterns of plant endemism in the Romanian Carpathians (South-Eastern Carpathians). Contribuťii Botanice, 47: 25-38.

IFTIME, A. & O. IFTIME. 2006. Preliminary data on the herpetofauna of the Cozia Massif (Romania). 1. Reptiles. Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle «Grigore Antipa», 49: 331-340.

IORGU, I.Ş., A.I. TATU & E.I. IORGU. 2012. First record of the bush-cricket Isophya harzi (Orthoptera: Phaneropteridae) outside its locus typicus. Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle «Grigore Antipa», 55: 201-206.

KENYERES, Z., I.A. RÁCZ & Z. VARGA. 2009. Endemism hot spots, core areas and disjunctions in European Orthoptera. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 52B(1-2): 189-211. https://doi.org/10.3409/azc.52b_1-2.189-211

KOVAŘÍK, F. & V. FET. 2003. Scorpion Euscorpius (Euscorpius) tergestinus (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) in central Bohemia. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae, 67: 189-192.

O.U.G. nr. 57 / 2007 privind regimul ariilor naturale protejate, conservarea habitatelor naturale, a florei şi faunei sălbatice. [in Romanian; Romanian law].

PLOAIE, G. 2004. Parcul Naţional Cozia. Ramnicu Valcea: Editura Almarom, 155 pp. [in Romanian].

PLOAIE, G. & D. TURNOCK. 2001. Public perception of environment in the mountains of Vâlcea County. GeoJournal, 54: 683-701. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1021761516756

RONIKIER, M., E. CIEŚLAK & G. KORBECKA. 2008. High genetic differentiation in the alpine plant Campanula alpine Jacq. (Campanulaceae): evidence for glacial survival in several Carpathian regions and long-term isolation between the Carpathians and the Alps. Molecular Ecology, 17: 1763-1775. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294x.2008.03664.x

SCHMITT, T., L. RÁKOSY, S. ABADJIEV & P. MÜLLER. 2007. Multiple differentiation centres of a non-Mediterranean butterfly species in southeastern Europe. Journal of Biogeography, 34: 939- 950. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01684.x

STOENESCU, Ş. M., A. ŞCHIOP, I. DICA, E. POPESCU, E. PATRICHI & E. ŢEPEŞ. 1966. Atlasul climatologic al R. S. R. Bucureşti: Institutul Meteorologic. [in Romanian].

TOMESCU, N., L.A. TEODOR, S. FERENŢI & S.-D. COVACIU-MARCOV. 2015. Trachelipus species (Crustacea, Isopoda, Oniscidea) in Romanian fauna: morphology, ecology, and geographic distribution. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 11 (Supplement1): S1-S106.

TURNOCK, D. 2005. Romania’s railway development 1950-1989: Changing priorities for Socialist construction. Geographica Pannonica, 9: 32-43. https://doi.org/10.5937/geopan0509032t

VIGNOLI, V. & N. SALOMONE. 2008. A review of and additions to the current knowledge of the scorpion genus Euscorpius Thorell, 1786. Fragmenta Entomologica, 40(2): 189-228. https://doi.org/10.4081/fe.2008.93

VILISICS, F. & E. HORNUNG. 2009. Urban areas as hot-spots for introduced and shelters for native isopod species. Urban Ecosystems, 12: 333-345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-009-0097-8